EMRTS Cymru (Welsh Flying Medics) has become one of the first teams in Europe to have a range of blood and blood products at the scene of an emergency. The helicopters and emergency vehicles now carry Red Blood Cells, Lyoplas, Fibrinogen Concentrate and Prothrombin Complex Concentrates. These help to stop bleeding and replenish lost blood.
• Red Blood Cells: A fundamental part of the human circulatory system, red blood cells transport oxygen to bodily organs. Wales Air Ambulance carries O negative blood, which is compatible with all other blood groups, on missions.
• Lyoplas: A freeze-dried derivative of plasma, a liquid component that makes up approximately 50 per cent of blood. When mixed with water, it can be used to help aid blood transfusions at the scene of an emergency.
• Fibrinogen Concentrate: A concentrated dose of fibrinogen, which helps aid the blood clotting process. As with Lyoplas and the red blood cells, the Fibrinogen concentrate is extracted from blood donated by members of the public.
• Prothrombin Complex Concentrates: This consists of components that assist the blood to form a clot. PCC is particularly useful for patients with life-threatening bleeding who are on anticoagulants (blood-thinning medication), such as warfarin.
The blood is supplied by the Welsh Blood Service.
EPOC Blood Gas Monitor Machine
The EPOC blood gas monitor will allow the crews to carry out blood analysis that would otherwise only be available in hospitals. By testing blood while working in the field, EMRTS Cymru can carry out blood analysis in around five minutes.
Air ambulance medics will also be equipped with ultrasound scanners, which will help identify internal trauma to organs at an earlier stage.
The scanner can help identify internal bleeding and indicate towards the source of blood loss.
Tempus Pro Monitor
Using technology developed for the maritime, exploration and military environments the Tempus Pro monitor allows crews to wirelessly transmit diagnostic information, such as pulse, heart rate and oxygen levels.
The new advanced technology ventilators that are being used by the critical care teams are designed to work on people of all ages, from infants through to elderly patients.